On September 10, 422 Saint Celestine I was elected Roman Catholic pope. In 1167Empress Matilda died. Maud was the daughter of King Henry I, widow of Holy Roman Emperor Henry V, and mother of King Henry II. She engaged in a civil war with Stephen of Blois over the crown of England. In 1487 Pope Julius III was born and in 1547 in the last battle between English and Scottish royal armies, the Scots were routed at Pinkie, Edinburgh.