Sunday, March 4, 2012
March 4, 51 Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, was given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth). 1152 Frederick Barbarossa was elected Holy Roman Emperor. 1193 Saladin died. 1215 King John of England made an oath to Pope Innocent III as a crusader to gain his support. 1461 Battle at Towton: Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians and Edward IV was recognized as king of England. 1492 King James IV of Scotland concluded an alliance with France against England.