June 23, 79 Titus succeeded his father Vespasian as the tenth Roman Emperor. 930 The world's oldest parliament, the Iceland Parliament, was established. 1314 The Battle of Bannockburn. This significant battle helped the Scots regain independence from England and secured the throne of Scotland for Robert the Bruce. 1509 Henry VIII of England crowned. 1532 Henry VIII and François I signed a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V.