432 Saint Sixtus III was elected Roman Catholic pope. His papacy is associated with a great building expansion in Rome; Santa Maria Maggiore was built during his reign.
781 The oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
1009 Pope Sergius IV became the 142nd pope, succeeding Pope John XVIII.
1201 Byzantine noble John Komnenos, nicknamed "the Fat" attempted to usurp the imperial throne from Alexios III Angelos in a short-lived coup in Constantinople. He was captured and executed when the coup was suppressed.
1423 Hundred Years' War: Battle of Cravant – the French army was defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne.
1556 St. Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits, died.