On September 23
480 BC The Greeks defeated the Persians in the greatest of ancient naval
battles, at Salamis, avenging the destruction of Athens. Over 1,000 Persian
ships were sunk by fewer than 400 Greek vessels.
63 BC Augustus (Octavian) was
born. He was the Roman emperor at the time of Christ, and the founder in 27 BC
of the Roman Empire as it was known after the end of the Roman Republic of
Julius Caesar's time.
1122 Concordat of Worms brought to an end the first phase
of the power struggle between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Emperors.
Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses,
was fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire. The Yorkists, though inferior in
numbers, were completely victorious.