1251 BC a solar eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes, Greece.
70 The Romans sacked Jerusalem, which ended the Jewish revolt and left only the "Wailing Wall" intact.
1191 Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf – Richard I of England defeated Saladin at Arsuf, which ended the sultan's aura of invincibility.
1497 Sailor Perkin Warbeck becomes English King Richard IV.
1533 Queen Elizabeth I was born. The birth of a daughter was a setback to King Henry VIII in his quest for an heir, and a serious blow to his wife Anne Boleyn.