192 The Roman emperor Commodus, whose brutal reign ended 90 years of peaceful prosperity, was assassinated.
406 Vandals, Alans and Suebians crossed the Rhine, which began an invasion of Gaul.
535 Byzantine General Belisarius completed the conquest of Sicily, defeating the Ostrogothic garrison of Syracuse, and ending his consulship for the year.
870 Skirmish at Englefield: Ethelred of Wessex beat the Danish invasion army.
1229 James I of Aragon the Conqueror entered Medina Mayurqa (Palma, Spain) thus consummating the Christian reconquest of the island of Majorca.
1502 Cesare Borgia (son of pope Alexander VI) occupied Urbino (walled city in the Marche region of Italy).