364 Valentinian I, founder of the Valentinian Dynasty and considered to be the last great Western Emperor, was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
1266 Battle of Benevento was fought between Charles of Anjou and Manfred of Sicily. Charles' victory resulted in the collapse of Hohenstaufen rule in Italy.
1361 Wenceslas of Bohemia, Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400) was born. Not to be confused with the "Good King" of the same name, he was the son of the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles IV. He was a peace-loving, but incompetent ruler, who died childless.
1616 Spanish Inquisition delivered an injunction to Galileo.