548 Byzantine Empress Theodora, wife of Emperor Justinian I, and thought to be the most influential and powerful woman in the Roman Empire's history, died.
767 Pope St Paul I died. His reign was dominated by relations with the Frankish and Lombard kings and with the Eastern Roman Emperor.
1098 Fighters of the First Crusade defeated Kerbogha of Mosul.
1245 First Council of Lyons (13th ecumenical council) opened.
1461 Edward IV was crowned King of England.
1491 King Henry VIII of England was born.
1519 Charles V was elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.