30 BC Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieved a minor victory over Octavian's forces, but most of his army subsequently deserted, leading to his suicide.
432 Saint Sixtus III was elected Roman Catholic pope. His papacy is associated with a great building expansion in Rome; Santa Maria Maggiore was built during his reign.
781 The oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
1009 Pope Sergius IV became the 142nd pope, succeeding Pope John XVIII.
1423 Hundred Years' War: Battle of Cravant – the French army was defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne.
1556 St. Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits, died.