Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium – the Persians won a naval victory
over the Greeks in an engagement fought near Artemisium, a promontory on the
north coast of Euboea (island of central Greece in the Aegean Sea).
Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaimed himself Roman Emperor against
1492 Rodrigo Borgia became Pope Alexander VI. One of the most
notorious men to sit on the papal throne, Alexander VI was worldly, ambitious
and ruthless. However he was a patron of the arts (Raphael, Michelangelo and
Pinturicchio) and also encouraged the development of education as evidenced by
the issuance of a Papal Bull at the request of William Elphinstone, Bishop of
Aberdeen, and King James IV of Scotland, founding King’s College, Aberdeen.