394 Theodosius reunited the entire Roman Empire for
the last time with victory at the Battle of Frigidus.
1198 Philips van Zwaben
Hohenstaufen crowned king of Roman Catholic Germany.
1316 John XXII the second
Roman Catholic pope to reside in Avignon, France rather than Rome, was crowned.
1548 Catherine Parr, sixth wife of Henry VIII, died.
1557 Bishop Stephen
Gardiner was imprisoned; he remained in the Tower of London for most of the
reign of Edward VI.
1550 William Cecil (Lord Chancellor to Queen Elizabeth I)
appointed himself English minister of foreign affairs.
1590 Alexander Farnese's
army forced Henry IV of France to raise the lengthy siege of Paris that it had
been placed under by Huguenots and Royalists loyal to Henry IV.
1666 Great Fire
of London ended: 10,000 buildings including St. Paul's Cathedral were
destroyed, but only 16 people were known to have died.