46 BC Julius Caesar dedicated a temple to his
mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with a vow he made at the battle
715 Ragenfrid defeated Theudoald at the Battle of Compiègne, the
first definite battle of the civil war which followed the death of Pepin of
Heristal, Duke of the Franks.
1181 St. Francis of Assisi, Italian Founder of
the Franciscan Order, was born.
1143 Celestine II became Pope. He was a friend
of Peter Abelard(French scholastic philosopher, theologian and preeminent
logician), Celestine was a scholar whose pontificate only lasted six months.
1687 The Parthenon in Athens, unscathed since 432 BC, was severely damaged by a
gunpowder explosion, caused by the bombing from Venetian forces led by Morosini
(Doge of Venice) who besieged the Ottoman Turks stationed in Athens.