43 BC Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieged Julius Caesar's assassin Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus in Mutina and defeated the forces of the consul Pansa, who was wounded.
69 Vitellius, commander of the Rhine armies, defeated Emperor Otho in the
Battle of Bedriacum and seized the throne.
70 Siege of Jerusalem: Titus, son of
Emperor Vespasian, surrounded the Jewish capital, with four Roman legions.
after two years of defending the fortress of Masada, the Jews committed mass
suicide rather than surrender to the Roman Tenth Legion.
979 Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England.
1028 Henry III, son of Conrad, was elected king of the Germans.
1205 Battle of
Adrianople between Bulgarians and Crusaders.
1434 The foundation stone of
Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France was laid.
1471 In England,
the Yorkists under Edward IV defeated the Lancastrians under the Earl of
Warwick (the Kingmaker) at the Battle of Barnet; the Earl was killed and Edward
IV resumed the throne.