254 Pope Stephen I succeeded Pope Lucius I as the 23rd
pope. He was beheaded while celebrating
Mass during Emperor Valerian's persecution of Christians.
1191 Richard I of
England married Berengaria of Navarre.
1215 English barons served an ultimatum
on King John.
1264 The Battle of Lewes, between King Henry III of England and
the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, began.
1588 King Henry III
fled Paris after Henry of Guise triumphantly entered the city.
Wentworth, chief advisor to Charles I, was beheaded in the Tower of London.