480 BC Greco-Persian
Wars: Battle of Artemisium – the Persians won a naval victory over the Greeks
in an engagement fought near Artemisium, a promontory on the north coast of
Euboea (island of central Greece in the Aegean Sea).
355 Claudius Silvanus,
accused of treason, proclaimed himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
1492 Rodrigo Borgia became Pope Alexander VI. One of the most notorious men to
sit on the papal throne, Alexander VI was worldly, ambitious and ruthless.
However, he was a patron of the arts (Raphael, Michelangelo and Pinturicchio)
and also encouraged the development of education as evidenced by the issuance of
a Papal Bull at the request of William Elphinstone, Bishop of Aberdeen, and
King James IV of Scotland, founding King’s College, Aberdeen.