9 AD Arminius' alliance of six Germanic tribes
ambushed and annihilated three Roman legions of Publius Quinctilius Varus in
the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
999 or 1000 Battle of Svolder was a naval
battle fought in the western Baltic Sea between King Olaf Tryggvason of Norway
and an alliance of his enemies; the background for this battle was the
unification of Norway into a single state, long-standing Danish effort to gain
control of the country, and the spread of Christianity in Scandinavia. With the
allied victory, Norway was partitioned and the spread of Christianity was set
1087 William the Conqueror died in Rouen at age 59 after an accident
while riding his horse.
1513 James IV of Scotland was defeated and died in the
Battle of Flodden Field, ending Scotland's involvement in the War of the League