420 Saint Jerome, one of the great scholars of the early Christian church,
died at age 80. He is the patron saint of librarians and translators.
579 Pope Benedict I died. Famine raged in Italy on
the heels of the Lombard invasion, and it is assumed that Benedict died in an
attempt to cope with this problem. Benedict was succeeded by Pelagius II.
1227 Pope Nicholas
IV, the first Franciscan pontiff, was born.
was pious and learned; he contributed to the artistic beauty of Rome, building
particularly a palace beside Santa Maria
Maggiore, the church in which he
was buried and where Sixtus V erected
an imposing monument to his memory.
1544 Henry VIII withdrew his armies
out of France.