539 BC King Cyrus The Great of Persia marched
into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost 70 years of exile and
making the first Human Rights Declaration.
Battle at Tours: Charles Martel (grandfather of Charlemagne) defeated Abd
al-Rachmans Omajjaden, and halted a northward Islamic expansion into western
1091 A tornado struck the heart of London which destroyed the rebuilt
Norman London Bridge.
1346 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland
was captured by Edward III of England near Durham, and imprisoned in the Tower
of London for eleven years.
1404 Innocent VII became Pope. During his
pontificate, Innocent summoned a council in an attempt to heal the Western
Schism but it never assembled.
1529 Henry VIII of England stripped Thomas
Wolsey of his office for failing to secure an annulment of his marriage.