732 Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, the leader of the Franks,
Charles Martel and his men, defeated a large army of Moors, stopping the
Muslims from spreading into Western Europe. The governor of Cordoba, Abdul
Rahman Al Ghafiqi, was killed during the battle
303 Pope Boniface VIII died.
He instituted the first Jubilee (special year of remission of sins and
1521 Pope Leo X granted Henry VIII the title Defender of the
Faith for a tract defending Catholicism.
1542 Thomas Wyatt died. The English
lyrical poet is credited with introducing the sonnet into English.