1301 Edward, eldest son of Edward I was made the first
English Prince of Wales, a tradition continued to this day.
1477 Saint Thomas
More was born. More was martyred for refusing to accept King Henry VIII as head
of the Church of England.
1497 the bonfire of the vanities occurred in which
supporters of Girolamo Savonarola burned thousands of objects like cosmetics,
art, and books in Florence, Italy.
1550 Julius III became pope. He maintained
excellent diplomatic relations with England's Queen Mary Tudor during her
turbulent reign, and expanded the Vatican Library, supported universities, and
was keenly interested in the arts.