1303 The University of Rome La
Sapienza was instituted by Pope Boniface VIII.
1314 Clement V died. Clement,
who owed his election largely to King Philip IV of France, chose to move the
Papacy to Avignon, where it remained for more than 60 years. He also had a hand
in the trial of the Templars.
1453 The last naval battle in Byzantine history occurred, as three
Genoese galleys escorting a Byzantine transport fought their way through the
huge Ottoman blockade fleet.