1054 Siward, Earl of Northumbria invaded Scotland to support Malcolm
Canmore against Macbeth of Scotland, who usurped the Scottish throne from
Malcolm's father, King Duncan. Macbeth was defeated at Dunsinane.
Becket and King Henry II temporarily reconciled. Becket's six-year self-imposed
exile from England was resolved when he met with Henry and King Louis VII of
France at a conference in Freteval and settled on an uneasy truce. Becket made
preparations to return to his See in Canterbury.
1214 King John lost Normandy
and his other French possessions after being defeated by Philip II of France in
the Battle of Bouvines.