1503 Julius II was officially crowned pope. Born Giuliano Della Rovere, Julius was the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, who
built the Sistine Chapel. Although his relationship to Sixtus helped his early
career, he was forced to flee Italy to avoid assassination attempts ordered by
Rodrigo Borgia (Pope Alexander VI), and stayed in exile for ten years before
Borgia's death made it possible for him to return.