Monday, July 2, 2012
July 2, 862 St. Swithun, Bishop of Winchester and royal counselor to Kings Egbert and Aethelwulf, died. 963 The imperial army proclaimed Nicephorus Phocas Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea. 1489 Thomas Cranmer, leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary I, was born. 1644 Oliver Cromwell achieved his first major victory over Royalist forces at the Battle of Marston Moor.