Monday, May 25, 2015

Frozen in Time: Casts of Pompeii Reveal Last Moments of Volcano Victims

Ancient Origins

The plaster casts of 86 agonized victims of the Mount Vesuvius eruption in 79 AD will go on exhibit May 26, 2015, in National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Italy.
People of Pompeii, a Roman city, were in their death throes when a cloud of gas from the volcano enveloped them, killing them. The gas was 300 degrees centigrade (572 degrees F). Clearly, from the expressions of their faces and their bodily contortions they were caught by surprise when the ash cloud finally consumed them.
An article on states:
Teeth protrude from lips stretched from pain. Smoldering, encrusted skin, protruding skulls and bones, exposed jaws were all caught in the moment of death, when a glowing, 300C cloud seared surfaces of the bodies in a single stroke, leaving their insides soft, and burying them under ash and stones. Among them is the family of the House of the Golden Bracelet: a woman with a baby on her lap. Near her is a man and another child, perhaps two years old.
Harrowing image shows a child sitting on his mother when the ash cloud hit.
Harrowing image shows a child sitting on his mother when the ash cloud hit. Credit: Splash News
The actual bodies, which were ossified by the heat, will not go on display but rather the plaster casts that show the exact position the bodies were found in.
Massimo Osanna, the superintendent of archaeology in Pompeii and nearby towns said: "Until now they had never been surveyed, out of a sense of ethics with which these human remains were always treated. No statues of plaster or bronze, but real people who should be treated with respect.”
Some of the victims of volcanic gas cloud were clearly in agony
Some of the victims of volcanic gas cloud were clearly in agony (Bigstock photo)
Archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli found the bodies in 1863 and came up with a way to detect and extract the bodies intact from their resting places in Pompeii. Scientists also found animals, including a dog and a pig, but they won't be on display in the museum. The animals were restored for purposes of archaeology and science, Osanna said.
A team of scientists, including archaeologists, engineers, an anthropologist, restoration experts and radiologists, is undertaking the Great Pompeii Project to do anthropological and genetic profiling of the unfortunate victims of the eruption. The scientists hope to get a better understanding of their way of life and identify them more fully. They will publish their findings and be featured in a documentary by a restoration company from Salerno.
Pompeii was a flouring Roman city from the 6th century BC until it became frozen in time, preserved by the layers of ash that spewed out from the great eruption of Mount Vesuvius in the 1st century AD. Although Pompeii was initially rediscovered at the end of the 16th  century, it was only properly excavated in the 18th century. Excavators were startled by the sexually explicit frescoes they were unearthing, quite shocking to the sensibilities of medieval citizens of Rome, so they quickly covered them over.
Raunchy frescoes uncovered in Pompeii.
Raunchy frescoes uncovered in Pompeii. Source: BigStockPhoto
When excavations resumed nearly two centuries later, archaeologists found the city almost entirely intact – loaves of bread still sat in the oven, bodies of men, women, children, and pets were found frozen in their last moments, the expressions of fear still etched on their faces, and the remains of meals remained discarded on the pavement. The astounding discovery meant that researchers could piece together exactly what life was like for the ancient Romans of Pompeii – the food they ate, the jobs they performed and the houses they lived in

The city of Pompeii
The city of Pompeii (Bigstock photo)
Photos of researchers working with the bodies and making plaster casts may be viewed at The Daily Mail.
Featured image: Some of the victims of Pompeii were sitting, some lying when the superhot gas cloud enveloped them. (Bigstock photo)
By Mark Miller

Memorial Day 2015: A Day to Remember the sacrifices of our Armed Forces

Memorial Day is a federal holiday in the United States for remembering the people who died while serving in the country's armed forces. The holiday, which is observed every year on the last Monday of May, was formerly known as Decoration Day and originated after the American Civil War to commemorate the Union and Confederate soldiers who died in the war. By the 20th century, Memorial Day had been extended to honor all Americans who died while in the military service It typically marks the start of the summer vacation season, while Labor Day marks its end.
Many people visit cemeteries and memorials, particularly to honor those who have died in military service. Many volunteers place an American flag on each grave in national cemeteries.

History Trivia - The Venerable Bede dies

May 25,

585 BC Thales of Greece made the first known prediction of a solar eclipse.

 735 The Venerable Bede died.

946 Edmund the Older, king of Wessex/England (939-46), died.

Sunday, May 24, 2015

History Trivia - Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt

May 24,

1218 The Fifth Crusade left Acre for Egypt.

1337 The Hundred Years War between England and France began when France confiscated Gascony from Edward III.

1487 The ten-year-old Lambert Simnel was crowned in Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin, Ireland with the name of Edward VI in a bid to threaten King Henry VII's reign.

Saturday, May 23, 2015

History Trivia - Joan of Arc captured

May 23,

 1275 King Edward I of England ordered the cessation of persecution of French Jews.

1430 Joan of Arc was captured at Compiegne and sold to the British.

1533 The marriage of King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon was declared null and void.

Friday, May 22, 2015

History Trivia - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia

May 22,

334 BC The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus.

337 Constantine the Great, the first Roman Emperor to convert to Christianity died.

1455 Wars of the Roses: at the First Battle of St Albans, Richard, Duke of York, defeated and captured King Henry VI of England.


Thursday, May 21, 2015

Gilgamesh! Sebastian Lockwood interviewed by Doug Holder on Poet to Poet/Writer to Writer, SCATV.

Sebastian Lockwood discusses his works with Doug Holder.

The Briton and the Dane fans:
The Briton and the Dane is narrated by Sebastian Lockwood.  Have a listen on Soundcloud: