On September 18
53 Roman Emperor Trajan was born.
96 Marcus Nerva was proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian was
324 Constantine the Great decisively defeated Licinius in the
Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine's sole control over the Roman
1180 Philip Augustus became king of France. Philip was one of the most
successful medieval French monarchs in expanding the royal demesne and the
influence of the monarchy. He broke up the great Angevin Empire (an area
stretching from the Pyrenees to Ireland ruled by the Angevin Plantagenet
dynasty during the 12th and early 13th centuries) and defeated a coalition of
his rivals (German, Flemish and English) at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214.