420 Saint Jerome, one of the great scholars of the early Christian church, died at age 80.
579 Pope Benedict I died .
1227 Pope Nicholas IV, the first Franciscan pontiff, was born.
1399 Richard II of England was deposed; Henry of Lancaster declared himself king as Henry IV.
1544 Henry VIII withdrew his armies out of France. 1555 Oxford Bishop Nicholas Ridley was sentenced to death as a heretic.