768 Charlemagne and his brother Carloman were crowned co-rulers of the Franks, after the death of their father, Pepin the Short.
1009 The Church of the Holy Sepulcher, a Christian church in Jerusalem, was completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacked the Church's foundations down to bedrock.
1016 Canute of Denmark became the heir of Edmund Ironside, King of England, with victory at Ashingdon, and Edmund agreed to divide England between himself and Canute. At the end of November, however, Edmund died, and Canute became king of all England.
1081 The Normans defeated the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
1210 Pope Innocent III excommunicated German leader Otto IV.
1529 Henry VIII ordered Cardinal Wolsey to hand over the great seal.
1541 Princess Margaret Tudor died.