308 At Carnuntum, Emperor
emeritus Diocletian conferred with Galerius, Augustus of the East, and
Maximianus, the recently returned former Augustus of the West, in an attempt to
restore order to the Roman Empire.
887 Asser began Instructing King Alfred. The
Welsh monk who taught and counseled the King, became his friend and biographer,
and began teaching him Latin on St. Martin's Day. Alfred went on to translate
the work of Boethius into English.
1050 AD Henry IV was born. He was King of Germany 1056-1106, who tried
to depose Pope Gregory VII, and had to stand barefoot in the snow for three
days before Gregory would pardon him, although Henry got his revenge later.
1215 The Fourth Lateran Council met and defined the doctrine of
transubstantiation, the process by which bread and wine are transformed into
the body and blood of Christ.
1417 Martin V Elected Pope. Elected unanimously
during the Council of Constance, Martin was faced with the enormous task of
restoring the Western church, the Papal States, and the papacy itself.
Pretender to the British throne Perkin Warbeck was executed.
1572 Tycho's Nova.
Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe observed the Nova Cassiopeiae and, although other
observers claimed to have spotted it earlier, his precise measurements revealed
it was a distant phenomenon and that changes could occur among stars.