65 BC Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus) was born. He was one of the most familiar and admired of the Roman poets.
877 Louis II, the Stammerer, was crowned King of France.
1542 Mary, Queen of Scots was born.
1609 Biblioteca Ambrosiana (Milan Italy) opened its reading room, the second public library of Europe.
1660 The first Shakespearian actress to appear on an English stage (believed to be a Ms. Norris) made her debut as Desdemona in Shakespeare's Othello.