616 King Aethelbehrt of Kent died. Aethelbehrt was the first Christian king of England and was converted by St. Augustine of Canterbury.
786 Pepin the Short of Gaul died. His dominions were divided between his sons Charles (Charlemagne) and Carloman.
1208 St Francis of Assisi, 26, received his vocation in Portiuncula Italy.
1303 The Scots defeated the English at the Battle of Roslin, the First War for Scottish Independence.
1389 Battle at Falköping: Danes defeated King Albert of Sweden.
1496 England's Henry VII ended a commercial dispute with Flanders.
1582 Pope Gregory XIII published his plans for calendar reform (Gregorian Calendar) in a papal bull.