241 BC A crushing Roman naval victory over the Carthaginians in the Battle
of Aegus ended the First Punic War.
49 BC Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon and
418 Jews were excluded from public office in the Roman Empire.
1452 Ferdinand II of Aragon was born. The marriage of Ferdinand to Isabella of
Castile eventually resulted in a united Spain.
1624 England declared war on
1629 Charles I began the Eleven Years Tyranny when he dissolved