404 BC Athens surrendered to
Sparta, ending the Peloponesian War.
32 Emperor Otho was born.
799 Pope Leo III
was attacked during a procession in Rome due, in part, for recognizing
Charlemagne as patricius of the Romans, which upset the delicate balance
between the Byzantines and the west that his predecessor had established. He
fled to Charlemagne, who escorted the Pope
safely back to Rome where he oversaw a commission that vindicated Leo
and deported his enemies. Leo would later crown Charlemagne the first Holy
1214 King Louis IX of France was born.
1284 King Edward II of
England was born.