837 Best view of Halley's
Comet in 2000 years.
1111 Henry V was crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
fell to the Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade, temporarily ending the Byzantine
1250 The Seventh Crusade was defeated in Egypt; Louis IX of France was
1256 The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope
Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
1598 Henry IV of
France issued the Edict of Nantes, allowing freedom of religion to the
Huguenots. (Edict repealed in 1685.)
1640 Charles I's eleven years of personal
rule end with the calling of the 'Short Parliament' at Westminster.