295 - 8th recorded perihelion
passage of Halley's Comet.
1303 The University of Rome La Sapienza was
instituted by Pope Boniface VIII.
1314 Clement V died. Clement, who owed his
election largely to King Philip IV of France, chose to move the Papacy to
Avignon, where it remained for more than 60 years. He also had a hand in the
trial of the Templars.
1442 Edward IV, King of England, 1461-83, was born.
The last naval battle in Byzantine history occurred, as three Genoese galleys
escorting a Byzantine transport fought their way through the huge Ottoman