238 Year of the Six Emperors:
The Roman Senate outlawed emperor Maximinus Thrax for his bloodthirsty
proscriptions in Rome and nominated two of its members, Pupienus and Balbinus,
to the throne.
960 Basil II was crowned Emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
Gregory VII was elected pope.
1056 Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked
1370 First stone of the Bastille laid. The fortress that was later to
become a prison was built on the orders of King Charles V of France. It was
intended as a fortification to help protect the wall around Paris against
English attack during the Hundred Years' War.
1509 Henry VIII ascended to
throne of England.