579 Pope Benedict I died. He was a Roman and the son of Boniface, and was
called Bonosus by the Greeks. Unfortunately, there is little information about
the first pope to take the name Benedict.
657 St Vitalian began his reign as
Catholic Pope succeeding Eugene I. He was successful in improving relations
with England, where the Anglo-Saxon and British clergies were divided regarding
various ecclesiastical customs. At the Synod of Whitby, King Oswy of
Northumberland accepted Roman practices regarding the keeping of Easter and the
shape of the tonsure. Together with King Ecgberht of Kent, he sent the priest
Wighard to Rome, to be consecrated in the Papal City after the death of
Archbishop Deusdedit of Canterbury in 664, but Wighard died in Rome of the
1178 Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, was crowned King of
629 An earthquake in Naples, Italy, killed about 10,000 people.