1189 King Henry II of England died and was succeeded by his son, Richard I, the Lionheart.
1348 Pope Clement VI issued a Papal bull protecting the Jews accused of having caused the Black Death.
1483 Richard III was crowned King of England.
1535 Sir Thomas More was executed for refusing to accept Henry VIII as head of the Church of England.
1560 The Treaty of Edinburgh was signed by Scotland and England.
1553 Edward VI Tudor, King of England (1547-53), died at age 15.