1124 Tyre (city in Lebanon) surrendered to the Crusaders.
1307 King Edward I of England died at age 68 on his way to subdue the new Scottish king, Robert Bruce.
1456 A retrial verdict acquitted Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death.
1550 Chocolate was introduced.
1575 Raid of the Redeswire, the last major battle between England and Scotland. The Scots proved victorious. The story of the skirmish was turned into a Border ballad.
1607 “God Save the King" was sung for the first time.