390 BC Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia – a Roman army
was defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
Great fire of Rome: a fire started in the merchant area of Rome near Circus
Maximus and much of the city was destroyed while Emperor Nero allegedly
1290 King Edward I of England issued the Edict of Expulsion, banishing
all Jews (numbering about 16,000) from England.
1334 The bishop of Florence
blessed the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the
Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
1389 Kingdom of
France and Kingdom of England agreed to the Truce of Leulinghem, inaugurating a
13 year peace; the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years
1536 The Pope's authority was declared void in England.