30 BC –Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler of the Egyptian Ptolemaic
dynasty, committed suicide, allegedly by means of an asp bite.
Crusade: Battle of Ascalon: Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon
defeated Fatimid forces led by Al-Afdal Shahanshah. This is considered the last
engagement of the First Crusade.
1164 Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din Zangi
defeated the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of
1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought between supporters of David II,
infant son of Robert the Bruce and rebels supporting the Balliol claim in 1332,
and is a significant battle of the Second War of Scottish Independence.
England's King Edward III ended wool export to Flanders.
1480 Battle of Otranto
- Ottoman troops beheaded 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam.