55 BC Julius Caesar and his Roman Legions invaded Great Britain.
1017 Turks defeated the Byzantine army under Emperor Romanus IV at Manikert, Eastern Turkey.
1429 Joan of Arc made a triumphant entry into Paris.
1466 A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de' Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, was discovered.
1498 Michelangelo was commissioned to carve the Pietà.