Friday, August 9, 2013

History Trivia - Sistine Chapel opens

August 9

480 BC The Persian army defeated Leonidas and his Spartan army at Thermopylae, Persia.

48 BC – Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus (Greece) – Julius Caesar decisively defeated Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey fled to Egypt where he was later murdered. As a result Caesar had absolute control of Rome.

117 Hadrian became Roman Emperor upon the death of Trajan.

378 Gothic War: Battle of Adrianople – A large Roman army led by Emperor Valens was defeated by the Visigoths in present-day Turkey. Valens was killed along with over half of his army.

681 Bulgaria was founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.

1173 Construction of the campanile of the cathedral of Pisa (Leaning Tower of Pisa) begun; it would take two centuries to complete.

1274 Edward I was crowned King of England.

1483 Opening of the Sistine Chapel in Rome with the celebration of a Mass.

1655 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell divided England into 11 districts.

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