752 Stephen's two-day pontificate began. Elected to succeed Zachary, Stephen II died before his consecration; earlier writers do not appear to have included him in the list of the popes; but, in accordance with the long standing practice of the Roman Church, he is now generally counted among them. This divergent practice has introduced confusion into the way of counting the Popes Stephen.
1066: 18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
1657 France and England formed an alliance against Spain.
1743 Handel's Messiah was performed for the first time in London.