47 BC, Julius Caesar defeated Ptolemy XII, Cleopatra's brother and rival,
at Alexandria, Egypt, thus restoring Cleopatra to the throne.
emperor Heraclius restored the True Cross to Jerusalem.
717 Battle of Vincy
between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid who returned defeated to Neustria. Instead of following the army immediately, Charles again used tactics he would use all
his remaining life, in a career of absolute success. He took time to rally more
men and prepare, before descending in full force. He chose where to provoke
them to battle, and, at a place and time of his choosing, in Spring 717,
Charles eventually followed them and dealt them a serious blow at Vincy on 21
March. He chased the fleeing king and mayor to Paris..
1152 Annulment of the marriage
of King Louis VII of France and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine. Eleanor retained
control of Aquitaine and shortly thereafter wed Henry Plantagenet, who would
become the next king of England.
1413 Henry V crowned King of England.
Saint Angela Merici, founder of the Ursulines, was born.
1556 The first
Protestant archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, was burned at the stake