45 BC In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeated the Pompeian forces of
Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.
44 BC, the
conspirators in Julius Caesar's murder were granted amnesty in a short-lived
reprieve before Mark Antony stirred the people to take revenge on them.
Marcus Aurelius died in his camp-bed during a campaign along the Danube
frontier, and Commodus became the sole emperor of the Roman Empire.
Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, died in Ireland at an approximate age of
1337 Edward, the Black Prince was made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy
made in England.
1473 King James IV of Scotland was born. His marriage to
Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII, helped stabilize relations between
the two countries.