238 Gordian II lost the Battle
of Carthage against the Numidian forces loyal to Maximinus Thrax and was
killed. Gordian I, his father, committed suicide.
467 Anthemius was elevated to Emperor of the
Western Roman Empire.
1204 The Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade breached the
walls of Constantinople and entered the city, which they completely occupied
the following day.
1606 The combined English-Scottish 'Union Jack' was created
by royal decree, originally for use at sea only.