1303 The University of Rome La Sapienza was instituted by Pope Boniface VIII.
1314 Clement V died. Clement, who owed his election largely to King Philip IV of France, chose to move the Papacy to Avignon, where it remained for more than 60 years. He also had a hand in the trial of the Templars.
1442 Edward IV, King of England, 1461-83, was born.
1453 The last naval battle in Byzantine history occurred, as three Genoese galleys escorting a Byzantine transport fought their way through the huge Ottoman blockade fleet.