221 Roman Emperor Elagabalus adopted his cousin Alexander Severus as his
heir and received the title of Caesar.
363 Emperor Julian, the last Roman
emperor to oppose Christianity, died in Mesopotamia at age 32, while fighting
the Persians. General Jovian was proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the
684 Pope St. Benedict consecrated. The consecration of Benedict
was delayed nearly a year until Byzantine Emperor Constantine IV could approve
1284 the legendary Pied Piper led 130 children out of Hamelin,
1409 Western Schism: the Roman Catholic church was led into a double
schism as Petros Philargos was crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of
Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.
Richard III was crowned king of England after declaring his nephews Edward and